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 :: Lexikon ::
Detail
Enzym
Kategorie: Biologie

[vom griech. en "in" und zyme "Sauerteig"]
(auch Ferment) In Zellen gebildeter biochemischer Katalysator in Form von hochmolekularen Eiweißverbindungen, die den Stoffwechsel steuern und dabei helfen, Substrate zu spalten. Sind die Enzyme im Körper gehemmt (z.B. aufgrund von Vitaminmangel, Vergiftungen, Medikamenten), kommt es zu schweren Stoffwechselstörungen oder gar zum Tod.

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